Globcal International Treaty Model
Treaty and Declaration (Proposed 2013)
Treaty with Nations, People and Organizations
The parties to the Treaty in affirmation of their wish to found an international organization for the protection of the environment, which facilitates collaboration between its members and at the same time establishes and promotes close collaboration with existing Organizations and scientific institutions.
Together we (Commissioners) hath agreed to the following:
Establishment of the Organization
1) The parties to this Treaty hereby found the Globcal International Cooperative (hereinafter the “Organization”) in accordance with the following terms and conditions.
2) The Organization relies on the principle of the equality of all its members and in the fulfillment of its activity shall give due respect and consideration to the territorial rights and competencies of its Members.
The Organization shall promote sustainable conduct as regards the natural environment, together with new, environmentally-friendly technologies, green economies and renewable energies with due consideration of
a) national and internal priorities as well as the advantages, which result from sustainable conduct with the natural environment, and
b) the contribution, which is offered to the conservation of the environment by responsible conduct as regards natural resources, as well as by the reduction in the pollution of the Earth, the air, the water and by the reduction in deforestation – in particular the felling of tropical forests, by the reduction in desertification and loss of biological diversity,
c) the contribution, which can be offered by environmental and climate protection to economic growth and social cohesion including the relief of poverty as well as to safeguarding conditions for existence for future generations.
1) As a center of competence for environmental protection, green technologies and sustainability and as a mediator and initiator, making available experience of practical applications and strategies, offering support on all issues related to responsible conduct as regards the natural environment and its resources and assisting States to benefit from efficient development and from scientific and technology transfer, the Organization shall carry out the following activities
For the benefit of its Members the Organization shall
a) analyze, observe and, without obligation towards the policies of its Members, systemize contemporary practice and development in the area of green technologies, and also projects for the sustainable protection of the environment, including policy instruments, incentive systems, investment mechanisms, proven courses of action, available technologies, together with success and failure factors;
b) promote discussion with other Governmental and non-governmental Organizations and networks in the field of environmental protection and all related fields and safeguard cooperation with them;
c) improve relevant scientific and technological transfer and promote development of capacities and environmental competence in situ in the Member States;
d) support Members in establishing green economies by training, education and transfer of knowledge;
e) advise and encourage Members in their requests for financing of sustainable projects and support them within the parameters of its financial means;
f) support research and stimulate scientific work, as well as supporting research networks;
g) grant its Members pertinent advice and support for their requests;
h) encourage exchanges among Members and international discussions on sustainable conduct as regards the natural environment;
i) inform about the development of national and international endeavors and projects;
j) inform the public about environmental problems, in particular those of the global environment, and in this way promote public debate, awareness and ecological sensibility for citizens, the economy and State Departments;
k) promote synergies between the Members, scientific institutions and governmental and non-governmental Organizations.
2) In the performance of its activities
a) the Organization shall act in accordance with the aims and principles of the United Nations for the promotion of peace and international cooperation;
b) the Organization shall use its assets in such a way that their economic application to this end is secured, that all its aims can be pursued appropriately and its activities can be carried out, to achieve the greatest possible benefit for its Members and in all parts of the world, taking account of the particular needs of the emerging nations and remote and isolated regions and islands;
c) the Organization shall work closely with existing establishments and Organizations and shall endeavor to bring about mutually beneficial relationships , in order to avoid unnecessary duplication of effort;
d) the Organization shall pay heed to the resources and current measures of Governments and of other Organizations; and
e) shall inform its Members about its activity in the form of an annual Activity Report and shall inform them about cooperation between the Members and other Organizations.
1) Membership is open to all States and intergovernmental Organizations, which are willing and able to act in consonance with the aims and activities underlying this Treaty. These States and intergovernmental Organizations are
a) founder Members of the Organization, on signature of this Treaty and once they have deposited a instrument of ratification;
b) further Members of the Organization, on depositing an instrument of accession, after their request for membership has been approved.
2) A request for membership is deemed to be approved, if no objection has been raised three months after the request has been communicated to the Members. In the event that objections are raised, the Secretariat shall examine the objection and take a decision on the request or shall entrust examination of and decision on a request for membership to the Assembly.
1) Observer status can be granted by the Organization or the Secretariat to:
a) intergovernmental and non-governmental Organizations, which support the objectives of the Organization;
b) signatories, which have not ratified this Treaty;
2) The observers may participate without voting rights at public meetings of the Assembly and its subsidiary bodies.
1) the following principal organs of the Organization are hereby appointed:
a) the Assembly
b) the Secretariat.
2) The Assembly and the Secretariat, subject to approval by the Assembly, can set up the subsidiary bodies, which they deem necessary for the exercise of their tasks.
1) Principles of the Assembly
a) The Assembly is the highest organ of the Organization.
b) The Assembly can debate any issue, which falls within the scope of this Treaty.
c) With regard to any of these issues, the Assembly can adopt resolutions and make recommendations.
d) In addition the Assembly is empowered to demand reports from the Secretariat on all issues affecting the operating procedures of the Organization.
e) The Assembly is composed of all Members of the Organization. The Assembly shall meet in ordinary sessions, which will take place annually, insofar as nothing has been decided to the contrary.
f) Each Member shall be represented in the Assembly. The Representatives may be accompanied by Deputies and Advisers. The costs of participation by a delegation shall be borne by the relevant Member.
g) The sessions of the Assembly shall be held at the Headquarters of the Organization, insofar as nothing has been decided to the contrary by the Assembly or the Secretariat. In every case the sessions are to be held in Member States, insofar as the Assembly has not decided anything to the contrary.
h) At the beginning of every ordinary session the Assembly shall elect a President, taking into consideration a balanced geographical representation. The President shall remain in office until a new President is elected in the next ordinary session. A candidate may stand again for re-election.
i) In accordance with this Treaty the Assembly shall provide itself with an order of day, which is to be communicated to the Members in advance.
j) Subject to Article X, Point (2) every Member of the Organization has one vote in the assembly.
k) Members may not transfer their right to vote to other members.
l) Members with observer status have no voting rights.
m) The Assembly shall adopt resolutions on issues of procedure by a simple majority of the Members present and voting.
n) Resolutions on factual issues shall be taken by consensus of the Members present. If no consensus can be reached, consensus shall be deemed to have been reached, when no more than three Members register their objection, unless this Treaty provides otherwise.
o) Every Ordinary Assembly is quorate.
2) Responsibilities and powers of the Assembly
a) shall adopt at its ordinary sessions the budget and the work program of the Organization, and shall be empowered to decide modifications to the budget and the work program of the Organization;
b) shall adopt resolutions regarding the oversight of the financial policy of the Organization, the financial regulations and other financial issues and shall select the Auditor;
c) shall adopt amendments to this Treaty;
d) shall decide as to the setting up of subsidiary bodies and shall approve their terms of reference;
e) shall take decisions if necessary on requests for Membership;
f) shall approve the order of the day;
g) shall approve the Annual Report and other reports;
h) shall approve the completion of accords on all questions, issues or topics, which fall within the scope of this Treaty;
i) shall examine and where applicable at their first session adopt resolutions, which were developed by the preparatory commission, and drafts of accords and shall determine the Headquarters of the Organization and nominate the Head of the Secretariat (hereinafter the “Secretary-General”);
j) shall vote in secret ballot.
1) The Secretariat shall support the Assembly and any subsidiaries bodies established in the exercise of its responsibilities. It shall accept tasks attributed to it by this Treaty, together with tasks assigned to it by the Assembly.
2) The Secretariat consists of a Secretary-General, the Head and highest ranking civil servant of the Secretariat, and of the staff required.
3) In recruiting staff and drafting employment contracts, the overriding consideration is to ensure the highest possible level of efficiency, professional qualification and integrity. In this process it is appropriate to consider how important it is in the first instance to select nationals of the Member States on the widest possible geographical principles and thus to take account in particular of commensurate representation of the emerging nations and a balanced representation of men and women. Preparation of the budget must proceed from the proposals for preferences from the principle that the staffing shall remain confined to the lowest level necessary for the performance in due form of the tasks of the Secretariat.
4) In the event of particular urgency the Secretariat can convene unscheduled Assemblies or require all the Members to vote in an appropriate manner.
5) In the fulfillment of their duties the Secretary-General and the other members of his staff may neither seek nor accept instructions from a Government or from another office outside the Organization.
6) The Secretariat
a) shall prepare and submit to the Assembly the draft work program and the draft budget;
b) of the Agency;
c) shall implement the work program and the resolutions of the Organization;
d) shall draw up the draft Annual Activity Report of the Organization and other reports required by the Assembly.
e) shall give the Assembly and subsidiary bodies administrative and technical support;
f) shall facilitate communication between the Organization and its Members.
1) The Secretary-General shall be appointed for a term of office of eight years with the possibility of re-election.
2) The Secretary-General shall be responsible to the Assembly inter alia for the appointment of officials and for the Organization and operating procedures of the Secretariat.
3) The Secretary-General or his nominated representative shall participate without voting rights in all sessions of the Assembly.
4) The Secretary-General shall nominate a representative, who shall succeed him in the event of his resignation. The successor shall fulfil the functions until the Assembly resolves on a new election and elects a new Secretary-General at the next subsequent regular Assembly.
5) The election of the Secretary-General shall take place at an ordinary Assembly by simple majority.
6) Every Member shall take into account the exclusively international character of the functions of the Secretary-General and other members of staff and shall not attempt to influence them in the exercise of their functions.
1) The budget of the Organization shall be financed from:
a) commensurate annual contributions from its Members,
b) voluntary contributions,
c) contributions from other sources.
2) Every Member undertakes to pay annual dues, the amount of which the Member must decide by taking into consideration the appropriateness of the contribution and the economic capacity of the concerned.
3) The contribution for the following year must be communicated to the Secretariat by 1st December and must be paid within three months of communication with the Secretariat.
4) Members, who have made no contribution for the subsequent year to the financing of the Organization, shall have no right to vote in the Assembly for that period of time.
5) The financial regulations and the budget shall secure a solid basis for the financing of the Organization and shall guarantee the effective and efficient performance of the activities of the Organization, as specified in the work program. The Members shall therefore observe the continuity of their annual contributions in order to make possible long-term planning within the Organization.
6) The annual contribution serves to finance the core activities and the costs of administration. Voluntary contributions from the Members can be authorized by the Assembly or the Secretariat for individual projects.
7) The Secretariat shall draw up the draft budget for the Organization and lay it before the Assembly for approval.
8) The Assembly shall nominate an external Auditor for a term of office of four years with the possibility of re-election. The term of office of the first Auditor shall be two years. The Auditor shall scrutinize the accounting systems of the Organization and shall make remarks and recommendations as required with regard to the efficiency of management and internal financial controls.
Legal personality, privileges and immunities
1)The Organization has international legal personality.
2) In the territory of each Member and subject to its national legislation, it has at its command the national legal capacity necessary for the exercise of its functions and for the fulfillment of their purposes, which includes in particular the capacity
a) to contract;
b) to acquire and dispose movable and immovable property;
c) to introduce judicial procedures.
3) The representatives of the Member States, the Organization and the officials of the Organization, and those of the Secretariat enjoy in the territory of each Member the facilities, privileges and immunities, which the Member States concede to the United Nations under the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations of 13th February 1946.
4) The Member States can waive the privileges and immunities of their own representatives. The privileges and immunities of the public servants and officials of the Organization can be waived by the Secretary-General. The Secretary-General can, without prejudice to the interests of the Organization, waive his immunity, if in his opinion immunity would be prejudicial to the course of justice.
Relations with other Organizations
1) Subject to the approval of the Assembly the Secretariat is empowered, in the name of the Organization, to conclude accords for the establishment of appropriate relations with the United Nations and all other Organizations, whose activity lies in conjunction with that of the Organization.
2) Under the terms of this Treaty the rights and duties of the Members arising from existing national treaties remain unaffected.
Amendments and withdrawal, verification
1) Subject to Article X, Point (2) any Member may propose amendments to this Treaty. Certified copies of the text of a proposed amendment shall be issued by the Secretary-General and communicated to all Members sixty days at the latest before the matter is dealt with by the Assembly.
2) Amendments come into force for all Members,
a) as soon as they have been approved by a majority of two thirds of the
b) after all Members in conformity with the requirements of their constitutional processes have expressed their assent to be bound by the amendment. The Members shall express their assent to be bound by the amendment by depositing an appropriate instrument.
3) A Member may withdraw from the Organization at any time after the expiry of six years after the entry into force of this Treaty, by notifying the Secretary-General in writing in the appropriate form, informing all the Members.
4) Withdrawal shall be effective with effect from the end of the calendar year, in which notice of the withdrawal has been given. Withdrawal of a Member from the Organization shall affect neither its obligations under the Treaty nor its financial obligations for the year of its withdrawal.
Settlement of disputes
1) The Members shall settle any dispute concerning the construction or application of this Treaty by peaceful means in accordance with Article 2, Number 3 of the Charter of the United Nations.
2) The parties to a dispute, the continuance of which is likely to endanger the maintenance of peace and international security, shall endeavor in the first instance to settle the dispute by negotiation, scrutiny, mediation, compromise, arbitration, judicial decision, recourse to regional establishments or agreements or by other peaceful means of their choice.
3) The Secretariat may contribute to the settlement of a dispute with means deemed by him to be expedient for the purpose, by offering inter alia his good offices, and by inviting the Members concerned in the dispute to set the settlement procedure of their choice in motion and recommending a deadline for the agreement of a procedure.
Temporary withdrawal of rights
1) A Member of the Organization, who is in arrears of payment of his financial dues to the Organization, shall have no voting rights. The Assembly may however allow this Member the exercise of voting rights, if it is convinced that the default in payment can be traced to circumstances beyond the control of the Member.
2) The Assembly may by a majority of two thirds of the Members present and voting temporarily withdraw the exercise of the privileges and rights arising from membership from a Member who has infringed this Treaty or an accord into which it has entered.
Headquarters of the Organization
The Headquarters of the Organization shall be determined by the Assembly at its first session. The Assembly must in the first instance take into consideration applications for the Headquarters of the Organization from States which are signatories to the present Treaty and which are distinguished by their geographical location and their previous endeavors for sustainable use of the environment.
Signature, ratification, entry into force and accession
1) This Treaty shall be available for all States and for intergovernmental Organizations at the Founding Conference.
2) This Treaty is open for accession to the States and the intergovernmental Organizations, which have not signed this Treaty at the Founding Conference.
3) States or intergovernmental Organizations, which ratify their ratification instrument after its entry into force, shall become Founder Members of the World Nature Organization on the date on which they lodged their instrument of ratification.
4) Assent to being bound by this Treaty shall be signified by depositing with the Depositary an instrument of ratification or accession. The States shall ratify or accede to this Treaty in accordance with their constitutional processes.
5) This Treaty shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the Founding Conference.
6) For States or intergovernmental Organizations, which deposit an instrument of ratification or accession after the entry into force of this Treaty, this Treaty shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the appropriate instrument has been lodged.
7) Provisos to this Treaty shall not be permissible.
Depositary, registration, authentic text
1) The participants at the Founding Conference shall determine the Depositary of this Treaty and all instruments of ratification and accession.
2) This Treaty shall be registered by the Depositary Government in accordance with Article 102 of the Charter of the United Nations.
3) This Treaty, which is drawn up in the English language, shall be lodged in the Archive of the Depositary Government.
4) The Depositary Government shall transmit to the Governments of the States and intergovernmental Organizations, which are signatories to this Treaty, certified copies of this written instrument.
5) The Depositary Government shall communicate without delay to all signatories of this Treaty the date on which each instrument of ratification is deposited and the day on which the Treaty enters into force.
6) The Depositary Government shall communicate without delay to all signatories and Members the point in time at which States or intergovernmental Organizations subsequently become Members.
7) The Depositary Government shall without delay direct new requests for membership to all Members of the Organization and to the Secretariat.
8) The Depositary Government shall be charged with the preparation of the authentic texts of this Treaty in the Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish languages, and also in the language of the Depositary, each language version being binding in the same degree.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned, being duly authorized, have signed this Treaty.